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- Allowing the TIMES-Be model to invest in additional capacity for some key electrified industry processes provides an additional form of flexibility by 2050.
- New nuclear capacity need decreases with 2,5 GW in comparison with the Electrification scenario to a total capacity of 3,5 GW in 2050. The additional industrial flexibility decreases the need for controllable load in a more cost-effective way.
- While the new nuclear capacity in 2050 is lower, the capacity of onshore and offshore wind is slightly higher. Largest difference however is the PV capacity. The PV capacity is 6,4 GW higher than the Electrification scenario and amounts to 45,9 GW in 2050.
- The annual costs of this sensitivity scenario are more than 1 billion euro lower than the Electrification scenario. For a cost comparison, see the graph in our “Key conclusions”.